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How to Treat Long COVID

Dealing with long COVID can be challenging, with persistent symptoms and ongoing fatigue. Many individuals are struggling to recover fully.

In this article, we will explore effective methods to treat long COVID. Understanding these strategies can make a significant difference in improving your quality of life.

Let’s dive in and learn how to manage long COVID effectively and get you back on the path to wellness.

Understanding Long COVID

What Is Long COVID?

Long COVID is different from acute COVID-19 because it causes lingering symptoms for weeks, months, or even years after the initial infection.

Common symptoms of Long COVID can affect various organs and systems in the body, such as cognitive impairment, chest pain, fatigue, and multi-organ damage.

The duration of Long COVID varies, but it typically lasts at least 12 weeks.

Risk factors for developing Long COVID include experiencing severe COVID-19, having underlying health conditions, not getting vaccinated, and being affected by multisystem inflammatory syndromes.

Treatment for Long COVID involves a multidisciplinary approach, including diagnostics, personalized treatments, and ongoing support from specialists in internal medicine, neurology, and other fields.

Research on Long COVID is ongoing to better understand its pathogenesis and identify effective therapies for patients of all ages.

Experts recommend seeking care from healthcare providers, like those at UCLA Health, for referrals, diagnoses, and therapy to manage Long COVID symptoms and improve quality of life.

Symptoms of Long COVID

Symptoms of Long COVID can manifest in various ways, impacting different organs and systems in the body.

For instance, individuals may experience cognitive impairment, fatigue, chest pain, and even multi-organ damage affecting the heart and blood.

This condition also affects the brain, nerves, and mental health, leading to challenges in concentration, memory, and overall cognitive function.

Specialized care programs like those offered at UCLA Health involve a multidisciplinary team of specialists in neurology, internal medicine, cardiology, and psychology to provide comprehensive support and treatments for patients with Long COVID.

These programs emphasize accurate diagnosis, personalized therapies, and ongoing support to address the diverse range of symptoms that can arise post-COVID-19 infection.

Research studies are continuously conducted to understand the mechanisms behind Long COVID, such as the role of autoantibodies, inflammatory cytokines, and immune responses in different tissues and organs.

Effective treatments like monoclonal antibodies, exercise, medications, and counseling are being explored to optimize recovery and improve the quality of life for individuals affected by Long COVID.

Referrals to specialists and primary care providers play a crucial role in connecting patients with the right care and support tailored to their specific needs.

What We Know About Long COVID

Long COVID can be caused by various factors:

  • SARS-CoV-2 particles reactivating
  • Immune responses
  • Formation of autoantibodies

Risk factors for Long COVID include:

  • Severe COVID-19
  • Underlying health conditions
  • Unvaccinated status
  • Multisystem inflammatory syndromes

Children can also experience Long COVID symptoms affecting different organs and systems.

Care for Long COVID patients involves:

  • Detailed diagnostics
  • Personalized treatments
  • Ongoing support from specialists

UCLA Health Program provides comprehensive care for Long COVID using multidisciplinary approaches and services for post-COVID symptoms like cognitive impairment, chest pain, and fatigue.

Treatment options include:

  • Monoclonal antibodies
  • Exercise therapy

Research on Long COVID is ongoing, focusing on its impact on tissues, cognitive function, and disability. Effective treatment prioritization and diverse study populations are crucial.

Referral to primary care providers, neurologists, and counselors is important to manage Long COVID symptoms effectively.

How You Can Help Fight Long COVID

Individuals can support research efforts to understand Long COVID better. They can participate in studies to identify risk factors, pathophysiological changes, and effective treatments.

By sharing their insights and experiences, patients can help scientists and doctors advance knowledge on the condition.

To raise awareness about Long COVID and its impact, individuals can:

  • Share personal stories
  • Advocate for increased public education
  • Participate in community events or online initiatives

Supporting better access to resources and assistance for those with Long COVID includes:

  • Encouraging collaboration among healthcare providers
  • Promoting specialized programs like UCLA Health’s Long COVID Program
  • Urging policymakers to prioritize funding for research and treatment options

These actions help improve care, treatment, and support for individuals dealing with the long-term effects of COVID-19.

Long COVID Resources

People with Long COVID symptoms can get help from specialized programs at places like UCLA Health. These programs offer thorough care, including accurate diagnosis, personalized treatments, and ongoing support from medical experts in internal medicine, neurology, and other fields.

Getting the right care can help manage symptoms such as cognitive issues, fatigue, chest pain, and damage to multiple organs. Patients can be referred to specialists by their regular doctor to explore treatments like monoclonal antibodies, regeneron, and medications. They can also take part in research studies to learn more about Long COVID.

Support for mental health and counseling is important for dealing with the effects of Long COVID on daily life. Seeking help from experienced doctors, along with suitable exercise and therapy, can make it easier to cope with Long COVID and enhance quality of life.

Long COVID Symptoms Breakdown

Whole Body

Long COVID can cause a variety of symptoms that affect the entire body. These symptoms include cognitive issues, fatigue, chest pain, and damage to multiple organs. They don’t just impact the respiratory system but can also affect organs such as the brain, heart, and kidneys.

Specialized care is essential for patients dealing with Long COVID to address both the multi-organ damage and cognitive problems they may encounter. Programs such as those available at UCLA Health offer comprehensive assistance to individuals with Long COVID. These programs provide personalized treatments from experts in internal medicine, neurology, and other specialties. By using diagnostic tools, therapies, and ongoing support, these programs aim to help people manage their symptoms and enhance their quality of life following infection.

Research studies are ongoing to investigate the underlying causes of Long COVID. This research examines the role of autoantibodies, cytokines, and B cells in the body’s response to SARS-CoV-2 infection. With advancements in treatment options such as monoclonal antibodies and medications like Regeneron, the medical community is better prepared to meet the needs of patients experiencing long-term effects from COVID-19.

Brain and Nerves

Long COVID can have significant impacts on the brain and nerves of individuals.

Common symptoms related to the brain and nerves include cognitive impairment, fatigue, chest pain, and multi-organ damage.

Patients with Long COVID may require specialized care to address these symptoms.

UCLA Health offers a dedicated program with specialists in neurology, internal medicine, and mental health to provide comprehensive care for individuals with Long COVID.

This program focuses on accurate diagnosis, personalized treatments, and ongoing support for patients with symptoms affecting various organs and systems.

Treatment options may include therapy, medications, exercise regimens, and referral to specialists like neurologists and counselors.

Research on Long COVID continues to explore the role of autoantibodies, cytokines, B cells, IgG, and CD4+ T cells in the condition’s development.

The aim is to develop effective interventions for those affected.

Scientists and doctors are also studying Long COVID in children and its impact on brain tissues to improve care and outcomes for individuals with this condition.


Long COVID can affect the eyes. It may cause symptoms like blurry vision, eye pain, dry eyes, light sensitivity, and difficulty focusing.

These eye symptoms could indicate Long COVID and show how it can damage multiple organs. People with these symptoms should see specialists like internal medicine, neurology, or ophthalmology for the right diagnosis and care.

UCLA Health’s Long COVID Program offers full support for those with persistent symptoms, including eye issues. Treatment options can range from medication and therapy to referrals for further evaluation by specialists.

Research is ongoing to learn more about how Long COVID impacts various organs. It underscores the need for timely care and help for patients dealing with cognitive problems, fatigue, chest pain, or mental health issues.

Working with doctors and specialists, individuals with Long COVID can get personalized interventions to meet their specific needs and aid in their recovery.


Long COVID can cause symptoms related to the ears. These may include:

  • Tinnitus
  • Hearing loss
  • Ear pain
  • Dizziness

These symptoms can greatly affect a person’s life. Long COVID impacts the ears by potentially causing inflammation in the inner ear. This can lead to issues with hearing and balance.

For help with these ear-related symptoms, patients may consider seeing specialists in otolaryngology or neurology. Treatment options for Long COVID-related ear problems may include:

  • Cognitive therapy for cognitive issues
  • Medications for symptoms like tinnitus
  • Counseling for mental health support

At UCLA Health, the Long COVID Program provides comprehensive care for individuals with long-lasting effects of SARS-CoV-2. This includes care for ear-related symptoms. Specialists at UCLA Health can offer accurate diagnosis, personalized treatments, and ongoing support.

Smell and Taste

Changes in smell and taste can be early signs of Long COVID. These changes might include difficulty detecting certain scents or flavors. If someone experiences these changes after having COVID-19, it can be a hint of ongoing symptoms. This could prompt them to seek more medical help.

Losing the sense of smell and taste can greatly affect a person’s life during Long COVID. It can make enjoying food harder and lead to a reduced appetite or different eating habits. Social interactions and emotional well-being can also be impacted. Not being able to fully taste or smell things could make someone feel alone or frustrated.

Getting help from specialists like neurologists, mental health professionals, or primary care providers can make it easier to deal with these problems. They can provide the right treatments or therapies for issues like cognitive problems.

Early detection and specific interventions for a person’s symptoms are really important in managing Long COVID and aiding recovery.


Individuals with long COVID often experience symptoms in their neck. These symptoms may include muscle pain, stiffness, and limited movement.

This can be due to inflammation in the neck tissues, leading to discomfort and reduced mobility.

For support and treatment for neck issues related to long COVID, patients can turn to specialized programs like the UCLA Health Long COVID Program.

This program takes a team approach, involving experts in internal medicine, neurology, and therapy.

They offer accurate diagnosis, personalized treatments, and ongoing support for post-COVID symptoms affecting different body parts, including the neck.

Patients can also ask their primary care providers about therapies like regeneron or monoclonal antibodies to address neck symptoms and aid in recovery.

Consulting with doctors and specialists can help manage neck discomfort and improve overall well-being during the recovery phase from long COVID.


Long COVID symptoms linked to the lungs can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, and a lingering cough. These symptoms can seriously impact lung function, leading to reduced exercise capacity and challenges in daily tasks.

For individuals dealing with lung-related Long COVID symptoms, UCLA Health has a specialized program. It includes pulmonary specialists who offer personalized care, diagnostic tests to evaluate lung damage, and tailored treatments to enhance lung function.

The program may incorporate pulmonary rehabilitation, anti-inflammatory medications for lung tissue, and monoclonal antibodies like Regeneron to target cytokines provoking lung inflammation. Alongside, cognitive issues and mental health support are also provided to address the overall impact of Long COVID on well-being.

These extensive treatments aim to assist patients in recovering from lung complications associated with their condition and enhancing their quality of life.

Heart and Blood

Long COVID can affect the heart and blood in different ways. This can cause symptoms like chest pain, fatigue, and cognitive issues. People with Long COVID might also have problems with their cardiovascular system.

Chest pain is a common symptom that may need specialized care from heart specialists and internal medicine doctors.

In Long COVID, there could be autoantibodies and an overactive immune system causing inflammation in the heart and blood vessels. This might lead to long-term complications.

Treatment options for Long COVID include monoclonal antibodies, cytokine inhibitors, and seeing cardiovascular specialists for complete care.

Sometimes, cognitive problems or mental health issues from Long COVID may need therapy, counseling, or help from neurology experts.

It’s important for doctors, researchers, and specialists to work together to understand the effects of Long COVID on the heart, blood, and other organs. This way, they can provide personalized care and help for those dealing with it.


The kidneys are important organs in the body.

They filter waste and excess fluids to make urine.

In long COVID, kidney function can be affected.

This may cause kidney complications, leading to diseases and health problems.

Symptoms of kidney issues include changes in urine output, swelling, fatigue, shortness of breath, nausea, confusion, and chest pain.

Monitoring kidney function closely is important for long COVID patients.

Specialists like internal medicine doctors, nephrologists, and urologists may be needed for diagnosis and treatment.

Research is ongoing to understand how long COVID affects the kidneys and find effective treatments for patients with kidney problems during recovery.


Long COVID can impact the hands in various ways. It may cause symptoms like pain, stiffness, swelling, and reduced mobility in the fingers and wrists. These hand-related symptoms can have a significant impact on daily activities and quality of life for patients with this condition.

To help manage these issues, individuals with Long COVID can turn to specialized programs such as UCLA Health’s Long COVID Program. This program offers comprehensive diagnostics, personalized treatments, and ongoing support for patients dealing with hand symptoms.

Patients can receive care from a team of internal medicine specialists, neurologists, and other healthcare professionals. They work together to manage hand symptoms through therapies, exercises, and medications. Studies suggest that Long COVID’s effects on the hands may involve autoimmune responses, cytokine imbalances, and tissue damage. This indicates a need for further research in this area.

For individuals experiencing cognitive impairment or mental health challenges alongside hand symptoms, the program at UCLA Health involves experts in neurology and mental health to provide holistic care. By creating organized care plans and making referrals to various specialists, the program aims to address multi-organ damage and disability in patients with Long COVID impacting their hands.

Legs and Feet

Long COVID can cause various symptoms in the legs and feet, such as muscle weakness, pain, numbness, tingling, swelling, and difficulty walking. These symptoms can make daily activities challenging.

Patients with Long COVID affecting their legs and feet may benefit from a specialized care program, like the one offered at UCLA Health. This program includes treatments tailored to manage symptoms such as cognitive impairment, fatigue, and chest pain.

It involves specialists from internal medicine, neurology, and physical therapy who collaborate to create personalized treatment plans. These plans may include medications, exercise therapy, and counseling to improve physical and mental health.

By working with experienced doctors in Long COVID care, individuals with lingering symptoms in their legs and feet can receive the necessary support for recovery and enhancing their quality of life.

Reproductive Systems

Long COVID can affect the reproductive systems of people. It can cause various symptoms like changes in menstrual cycles, hormonal imbalances, reduced libido, and fertility problems.

Patients with these issues may need special care from doctors and specialists for personalized treatments. For instance, UCLA Health has a Long COVID Program that deals with symptoms impacting different organs, including the reproductive systems.

Treatment plans will differ based on each person’s situation and could include a mix of therapies, medicines, and lifestyle changes. Ongoing research is investigating how Long COVID affects reproductive systems, looking at factors such as autoantibodies, cytokines, and multi-organ damage.

People facing reproductive problems after a COVID-19 infection should consult healthcare providers for diagnosis, referrals, and appropriate therapy tailored to their needs.

Digestive Systems

The digestive system has vital functions for overall health. It breaks down food into nutrients for energy and growth. Enzymes play a role in this process. They help break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats for absorption in the intestines.

For some Long COVID patients, digestive symptoms like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal pain can affect proper nourishment. UCLA Health’s Long COVID Program specialists offer tailored care for such patients. They provide diagnostics, treatments, and ongoing support.

A multidisciplinary approach at UCLA Health involves internal medicine, gastroenterology, and nutrition specialists. Patients can get comprehensive care to address their condition effectively. By working with doctors and therapists, patients can improve their digestive health and overall well-being. This ensures necessary support for a full recovery from Long COVID’s impacts on their digestive system.

Skin and Hair

Long COVID can affect the skin and hair. This can lead to various symptoms that patients may face during their recovery. These symptoms include hair loss, rashes, and changes in skin texture.

Patients may also experience increased dryness or flakiness of the skin, as well as changes in pigmentation. Care for these skin and hair conditions in Long COVID patients may involve dermatologists specializing in treating such issues.

Support programs like those from UCLA Health can offer comprehensive care, including treatments for these symptoms. Specialists from internal medicine, dermatology, and other relevant fields may work together to address these concerns.

Research studies on Long COVID are looking into the impact of cytokine levels, autoantibodies, and multi-organ damage on skin and hair conditions. It’s important for doctors to conduct thorough assessments, make accurate diagnoses, and provide appropriate therapy to help patients manage skin and hair issues during their Long COVID recovery.

Muscles and Bones

Long COVID can affect muscles and bones. This can cause weakness and reduced function.

Patients with this condition may have muscle fatigue, joint pain, and limited physical abilities due to the virus’s impact on their bodies.

UCLA Health offers care programs with specialized treatments from internal medicine doctors, neurologists, and therapists for Long COVID-related muscle and bone symptoms. These specialists create personalized therapy plans including exercises, medications, and counseling for recovery and improved mobility.

Research on Long COVID helps develop new treatment options like monoclonal antibodies and therapies targeting autoantibodies and cytokines. Proper diagnosis and referral to Long COVID programs from primary care providers can help manage muscle and bone issues effectively.

Causes and Prevention of Long COVID

What causes Long COVID?

Long COVID can be caused by various factors:

  • Reactivation of SARS-CoV-2 particles
  • Overactive immune response
  • Development of autoantibodies

Certain risk factors increase susceptibility to Long COVID:

  • Severe COVID-19
  • Underlying health conditions
  • Not getting vaccinated
  • Multisystem inflammatory syndromes

Children can also get Long COVID, with ongoing research across different age groups.

For treatment and care of Long COVID patients:

  • Programs like UCLA Health offer specialized services
  • Led by internal medicine, neurology, and other specialists
  • Diagnosis and referral to appropriate therapy are crucial

Managing Long COVID symptoms:

  • Cognitive impairment
  • Fatigue
  • Mental health concerns
  • Neurological issues

A comprehensive approach includes:

  • Exercise
  • Medications
  • Monoclonal antibodies like Regeneron
  • Counseling support

This approach helps individuals with Long COVID recover and improve amid COVID-19 variants and multi-organ damage.

Why are some people more likely to get Long COVID?

Long COVID can be caused by different factors:

  • Presence of active SARS-CoV-2 particles.
  • Overactive immune responses.
  • Production of autoantibodies.

These factors can lead to prolonged and severe symptoms affecting various body organs and systems.

Certain demographics and health conditions increase the risk of Long COVID:

  • Individuals with pre-existing conditions.
  • Those not vaccinated.
  • People experiencing multisystem inflammatory syndromes.

Studies suggest that immune dysregulation, microbiota impacts, autoimmune reactions, and other biological responses play a role in who is more likely to have Long COVID.

Identifying these risk factors is crucial for providing appropriate care and effective treatments to patients with this condition.

Collaborating with specialists, like those in internal medicine, neurology, and programs such as UCLA Health’s Long COVID Program, can provide comprehensive care, accurate diagnostics, personalized treatments, and ongoing support for individuals recovering from Long COVID.

Managing the long-term effects of COVID-19 involves addressing these underlying conditions and immune responses effectively.

Can children get Long COVID?

Children can develop Long COVID. This means they have symptoms that last a long time after getting COVID-19. These symptoms can affect different parts of the body, like the brain, nerves, energy levels, and chest.

Taking care of kids with Long COVID requires a team of doctors from different specialties. This team may include internal medicine doctors, neurologists, and mental health experts. Studies suggest that things like autoantibodies and an immune system that works too hard could play a role in Long COVID in children.

To help prevent and treat this condition, it’s important to diagnose it correctly, send kids to the right specialists, and provide treatments that fit each child. Some hospitals, like UCLA Health, offer programs that cover all aspects of care for children with Long COVID. These programs help manage symptoms that affect many parts of the body.

Treatments for Long COVID might include special medications like regeneron or monoclonal antibodies, as well as therapies that focus on improving thinking skills. Pediatricians and family doctors should know about Long COVID in children and refer them to the right specialists for care. In Florida, doctors are studying how Long COVID impacts kids and what treatments could help them feel better.

How can I prevent Long COVID?

To reduce the risk of developing Long COVID, individuals should focus on preventative measures. These measures include getting vaccinated against COVID-19 and receiving boosters as recommended. Vaccination post-COVID-19 recovery has shown potential in decreasing the likelihood of Long COVID symptoms.

Seeking authorized treatments from healthcare providers upon testing positive for COVID-19 can help lower the risk of severe symptoms and hospitalization. Collaborating with specialists in internal medicine, neurology, and other relevant fields can aid in accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plans.

Inquiries about UCLA Health’s Long COVID Program can provide individuals with access to diagnostics, treatments, and support tailored to their condition. Engaging in therapy, counseling, exercise, and other forms of support can also contribute to recovery from Long COVID and address symptoms like fatigue, mental health challenges, and multi-organ damage.

Ongoing research and studies on Long COVID, autoantibodies, and cytokine involvement are essential for developing effective treatments and understanding the impact of Long COVID on different organs and tissues.

Treatment and Support for Long COVID

Effective treatments for Long COVID require addressing the variety of symptoms affecting different organs and systems in the body.

Programs like UCLA Health’s Long COVID Program provide personalized diagnostics, treatments, and ongoing support.

This program involves a team of specialists including internal medicine, neurology, and mental health professionals.

Healthcare providers can use therapies such as monoclonal antibodies like regeneron, cognitive therapies for cognitive impairment, and tailored exercise regimens for managing fatigue.

Doctors may also prescribe medications to alleviate symptoms like chest pain and offer mental health counseling.

Research on Long COVID is exploring the role of autoantibodies, cytokines, and B cells in the condition’s persistence, guiding the development of targeted treatments.

By working with primary care providers and specialists, individuals with Long COVID can access the necessary resources for symptom management and disability support, aiding in their recovery and overall well-being.


What are the common symptoms of Long COVID?

Common symptoms of Long COVID include fatigue, shortness of breath, joint pain, chest pain, and brain fog. Other symptoms may include heart palpitations, dizziness, and difficulty sleeping. If experiencing any of these symptoms, consult a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and management.

How is Long COVID diagnosed?

Long COVID is diagnosed based on symptoms lasting beyond 4 weeks after the initial infection. Diagnostic tests such as blood tests, imaging, and pulmonary function tests may be used to rule out other conditions. A healthcare provider will review medical history and symptoms to make a diagnosis.

What treatments are available for Long COVID?

Treatments for Long COVID include symptom management, rehabilitation therapy, and mental health support. Examples include medications for symptom relief, physical therapy for muscle weakness, and counseling for mental health issues.

Yes, exercise is recommended for those with Long COVID. Starting with gentle activities like walking or yoga can help improve symptoms and gradually build up stamina. Consult with a healthcare provider to create a safe and tailored exercise plan.

Are there any specific medications that can help with Long COVID symptoms?

Yes, some medications like anti-inflammatory drugs or bronchodilators may help manage specific Long COVID symptoms. Consult a healthcare provider for personalized recommendations.