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Long Covid Acid Reflux Diet: Eating Right for Digestive Health

Have you been having ongoing acid reflux after getting over Covid-19? Many people are dealing with this digestive problem called “Long Covid Acid Reflux”. But don’t worry, changing your diet can help a lot in controlling your symptoms.

In this article, we’ll talk about the benefits of eating well for your gut health. We’ll also share some useful tips on making a diet for Long Covid Acid Reflux that supports your overall well-being. Let’s get started!

Health Main Menu

Foods That May Cause Heartburn

Some common foods that may trigger heartburn symptoms include:

  • High-fat foods
  • Citrus fruits
  • Tomatoes
  • Chocolate
  • Garlic
  • Onions
  • Spicy foods
  • Caffeine
  • Alcohol

These foods can relax the esophageal sphincter and increase stomach acid production, contributing to acid reflux and heartburn symptoms.

For people with heartburn, it’s important to:

  • Avoid large meals
  • Consume meals at least 2-3 hours before bedtime
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat a diet low in acidic and inflammatory foods

Long COVID can impact digestive health, potentially increasing the risk of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and inflammation of the stomach lining. Research suggests that certain diets like the Mediterranean diet may help manage long COVID symptoms, but more data is needed.

Consulting healthcare providers for personalized advice on symptom management and dietary changes is crucial for adults experiencing long COVID and digestive health issues.

Incorporating foods like ginger, lemon juice, honey, and medication, along with avoiding trigger foods, can provide relief for individuals with heartburn.

Foods That Help Prevent Acid Reflux

  1. Some foods can help prevent acid reflux by including high-fiber choices like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
  2. These foods aid digestion and reduce the risk of heartburn.
  3. Alkaline foods, such as certain fruits and vegetables, neutralize stomach acid, reducing acid reflux symptoms.
  4. Additionally, watery foods like watermelon and cucumber provide hydration and promote healthy digestion, lowering the chances of heartburn.
  5. Including these foods in daily meals can benefit adults, especially those who have survived long COVID and might be at higher risk for gastrointestinal issues.
  6. Research indicates that diets like the Mediterranean diet, rich in fish, can also help manage symptoms of long COVID and acid reflux.
  7. Consulting healthcare providers for personalized advice on diet and medication can help individuals navigate the impact of long COVID on digestive health.

High-fiber foods

High-fiber foods are good for digestion. They help regulate bowel movements and keep the digestive system healthy. Foods like whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes are high in fiber.

Eating high-fiber foods can reduce the risk of constipation, diverticulosis, and hemorrhoids. It is beneficial for overall health and wellness.

In long COVID, high-fiber foods can support gut health. The gut’s microbiome is important for the immune system. Including fiber-rich foods in the diet can help with inflammation and digestive issues.

Fiber-rich foods can also make you feel full, manage weight, and improve heart health by lowering cholesterol levels.

It’s important to have a variety of high-fiber foods in your meals, especially after having COVID-19, to support your health and recovery.

Alkaline foods

Long Covid can affect the digestive health of adults. This condition, which occurs after recovering from Covid-19, may lead to symptoms such as heartburn, inflammation, and GERD.

One way to help balance pH levels and reduce stomach acid and inflammation is by consuming alkaline foods. Foods like ginger, lemon juice, honey, and certain teas can alleviate heartburn and support digestive health.

Having had the virus can disturb the gut microbiome, increasing the chances of experiencing acid reflux symptoms. Including alkaline foods in your diet can boost the immune system, mitochondria, and gut microbes.

Men and individuals living in Canada are more prone to developing food sensitivities and inflammation post-infection. Research on the Mediterranean diet shows that foods rich in alkaline, such as fish, can have a positive effect on the esophageal sphincter.

Moreover, adopting a diet low in inflammatory fats and high in alkaline foods can help control stomach acid levels and promote overall well-being.

Watery foods

Foods with high water content are important for staying hydrated and healthy, especially for those with long-lasting COVID symptoms. Watermelon, cucumbers, and lettuce are great choices for boosting hydration and getting important nutrients to help the immune system.

These watery foods also help with digestion by balancing stomach acid and reducing esophagus inflammation. They can lower the chances of heartburn and acid reflux, which are common after having COVID-19. Eating water-rich foods with vitamins and minerals can support mitochondria function and improve nutrient absorption.

A diet rich in watery foods like grapefruit, berries, and celery can manage food sensitivities and support a healthy gut. Including these hydrating foods in meals can ease digestive problems, promote gut health, and improve well-being for those recovering from long COVID.

Heartburn Home Remedies

Home remedies for heartburn can include ingredients like milk, ginger, apple cider vinegar, and lemon water. These options can help with heartburn by neutralizing stomach acid, reducing inflammation in the esophagus, and promoting better digestion.

Making dietary changes and lifestyle modifications, such as following an alkaline diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins like fish, can also be effective in managing acid reflux and heartburn.

Avoiding inflammatory foods like high-fat meals, caffeine, and carbonated drinks can help reduce the risk of heartburn symptoms.

Individuals, especially those with long COVID and digestive health issues, should consult healthcare providers for personalized advice on managing symptoms and using these home remedies in their daily routine.

Research shows that the Mediterranean diet may help alleviate long COVID symptoms and improve overall gut health, but more data is needed to fully understand its impact on digestive health.


Milk is a common remedy for heartburn. It has soothing properties that can neutralize stomach acid, offering temporary relief. Long COVID can worsen heartburn symptoms, making milk a popular choice for managing acid reflux.

Research shows that the fat in milk can form a protective layer in the stomach, reducing the impact of stomach acid on the esophagus. Unlike acidic beverages, milk’s alkaline nature can balance stomach acid levels, easing heartburn.

Milk is a good source of calcium and vitamin D, important for bone health and the immune system. These nutrients can benefit individuals with long COVID by aiding symptom management, especially in combination with diets like the Mediterranean diet, which have shown promise in research.


Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties. These can help reduce inflammation in the esophagus caused by stomach acid and relieve heartburn.

You can use ginger as a home remedy for heartburn. It can be made into tea, mixed with lemon juice and honey, or taken as a supplement.

Incorporating ginger into meals or having ginger tea after eating can aid digestion and lower stomach acid production.

For adults recovering from COVID-19, adding ginger to their diet can help manage digestive issues like acid reflux and inflammation.

Ongoing research on ginger’s impact on gut microbes and the microbiome offers important insights into its role in supporting overall health.

Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar might help with long COVID symptoms, like stomach inflammation and acid reflux. Adding it to your diet could assist in managing these symptoms.

It can reduce stomach acid and aid digestion because it is alkaline.

You can mix it with water or add it to meals for relief from heartburn.

But, be cautious of consuming too much apple cider vinegar, as it could harm your teeth or irritate your esophagus.

Adults should consult a healthcare provider before regularly using apple cider vinegar.

Lemon water

Lemon water is a popular beverage in the Long Covid Acid Reflux Diet. It offers potential health benefits for adults experiencing symptoms like heartburn.

The acidity of lemon juice may help balance the pH levels in the stomach. This aids digestion and reduces stomach acid production, providing relief from symptoms of acid reflux.

Lemon water also contains vitamin C, which supports the immune system and helps reduce inflammation in the digestive tract.

However, it’s important to be cautious as excessive consumption of acidic foods like lemon water can erode tooth enamel over time.

For individuals with food sensitivities or health conditions like GERD, consulting a healthcare provider before regularly incorporating lemon water into their diet is advisable to prevent any potential adverse effects on the esophagus or stomach lining.

Pairing lemon water with a balanced diet rich in alkaline foods like fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins can optimize its benefits for digestive health and overall well-being.

How a Doctor Can Help

Doctors have different treatments for long Covid symptoms. These may include heartburn and acid reflux. They create a plan based on the person’s health needs and concerns. The plan may address issues like inflammation, stomach acid, and food sensitivities.

For example:

  • Doctors can prescribe medications to reduce stomach acid or strengthen the esophageal sphincter.
  • They may suggest dietary changes: avoiding fatty or inflammatory foods, and including alkaline foods like fish and vegetables.
  • Natural remedies such as ginger, lemon juice, and honey can also help with heartburn.

Considering factors like diet, gut health, and overall digestion, doctors personalize treatment plans. This helps improve symptoms and overall health for adults dealing with long Covid.

The Johns Hopkins Heartburn Center

The Johns Hopkins Heartburn Center helps people with heartburn symptoms. They do tests like endoscopy and pH monitoring to find the cause of acid reflux. Treatment includes lifestyle changes, diet adjustments, and medications to manage chronic heartburn. They also focus on preventing symptoms by promoting a healthy diet. The center educates patients on food sensitivities, gut microbes, and the esophageal sphincter.

Consultation with healthcare providers at the center offers personalized strategies for long-term relief and better digestive health.

What is Long COVID?

Symptoms of Long COVID

Symptoms of Long COVID can vary widely. These may include fatigue, shortness of breath, trouble sleeping, cognitive dysfunction, and various gastrointestinal (GI) issues. These GI issues can range from abdominal pain to constipation, diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, and heartburn.

Long COVID, also known as post-COVID-19 condition, can impact both men and women who have had COVID-19. Research indicates that survivors of COVID-19 may be at a higher risk of developing GI issues such as gastroesophageal reflux disease , irritable bowel syndrome, and stomach lining inflammation.

While there isn’t a specific test for Long COVID, its impact on digestive health is significant. A proper diet plays a key role in managing symptoms like heartburn. Certain foods and fat intake levels can affect stomach acid production and reflux.

To ease heartburn symptoms, some individuals avoid inflammatory foods, acidic beverages, and heavy meals high in fats. Instead, they opt for alkaline water, ginger tea, lemon juice, and honey. Some diets, like the Mediterranean diet, may offer benefits in managing Long COVID symptoms, but further research is necessary to confirm this.

For adults dealing with Long COVID and digestive health issues, it’s crucial to seek personalized advice from healthcare providers for effective symptom management.

Testing for Long COVID

Healthcare providers diagnose long COVID using various tests. These tests evaluate symptoms like fatigue, shortness of breath, cognitive issues, and gastrointestinal problems such as heartburn and abdominal pain. While there isn’t a specific test for long COVID, certain markers like high inflammatory levels or lung function irregularities can suggest its presence.

Survivors of COVID-19 might have a higher risk of gastrointestinal problems due to stomach inflammation. Although testing methods aren’t foolproof, consulting a healthcare provider for personalized advice on managing symptoms and dietary changes, like adopting an alkaline or Mediterranean diet with fish, honey, and ginger, can assist individuals dealing with COVID-19’s lasting impact on their health.

GI Issues Post COVID-19

Individuals who have recovered from long COVID may experience a range of gastrointestinal issues. These include abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, and heartburn.

These symptoms can be challenging to manage and may significantly impact one’s quality of life.

Healthcare providers play a critical role in diagnosing and treating these post-COVID-19 gastrointestinal issues. They do this by evaluating a patient’s medical history, conducting physical examinations, and potentially ordering tests to rule out other underlying conditions.

Diet also plays a key role in managing these symptoms. Research suggests that certain foods can help reduce inflammation and improve digestive health.

For example, incorporating foods rich in healthy fats like fish, along with consuming ginger, lemon juice, and honey, may provide relief from acid reflux and other GI discomforts.

It is important for individuals to consult healthcare professionals for personalized advice on symptom management and dietary recommendations tailored to their specific needs.

Prevention of Long COVID

Individuals can prevent Long COVID by:

  • Maintaining a healthy diet
  • Including foods that reduce inflammation
  • Supporting overall health
  • Consuming antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, and gut-friendly nutrients
  • Strengthening the immune system
  • Mitigating the impact of the virus
  • Eating foods gentle on the stomach like fish, ginger, lemon juice, and honey
  • Reducing acid reflux and heartburn symptoms
  • Healthcare providers educate on a balanced diet, exercise, and hydration
  • Lifestyle changes include avoiding inflammatory foods, drinking alkaline water, and stress-relief activities
  • Consulting healthcare professionals for personalized advice
  • Considering medication when necessary

This proactive approach can help manage long-term health outcomes after COVID infection.

Nutrition and Long COVID

Diet’s Role in Long COVID

Diet can help manage Long COVID symptoms. It supports overall health and symptom management. Research shows that certain foods can reduce inflammation, boost the immune system, and provide essential nutrients for recovery.

For those with Long COVID, focus on an anti-inflammatory diet. This includes fish, fruits, and vegetables. Avoid inflammatory foods like high-fat or acidic foods.

Specific foods like ginger, lemon juice, and honey can help with symptoms like heartburn. Probiotic-rich foods and hydration with alkaline water or herbal tea aid gut health and digestion.

Consult healthcare providers for personalized dietary advice. It can optimize recovery and symptom management for Long COVID.


What is the relationship between Long Covid and acid reflux?

Long Covid can lead to increased symptoms of acid reflux due to the inflammation and damage caused by the virus. Patients can manage this by avoiding trigger foods, eating smaller meals, and staying upright after eating.

How can diet impact acid reflux symptoms in individuals with Long Covid?

Diet changes can help manage acid reflux in individuals with Long Covid. Avoid trigger foods like spicy, fatty, or acidic foods. Opt for smaller, more frequent meals and stay upright after eating. Consider a low-acid diet to reduce symptoms.

What foods should be avoided in a Long Covid acid reflux diet?

Avoid foods that can trigger acid reflux in a Long Covid diet, such as spicy foods, fried foods, citrus fruits, tomatoes, chocolate, and coffee.

Are there specific foods that can help alleviate acid reflux symptoms in Long Covid patients?

Yes, some foods that may help alleviate acid reflux symptoms in Long Covid patients include ginger, oatmeal, leafy greens, lean proteins, and non-citrus fruits. Avoiding trigger foods like caffeine, alcohol, and spicy dishes can also help manage symptoms.

How can I create a meal plan for a Long Covid acid reflux diet?

You can create a meal plan for a Long Covid acid reflux diet by focusing on small, frequent meals, avoiding trigger foods like spicy or acidic foods, and incorporating foods like lean proteins, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Limiting caffeine and alcohol intake can also help manage symptoms.