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Understanding Post-COVID Anxiety: What You Need to Know

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused many people to feel more anxious. This is a normal response to the changes and uncertainties brought by the crisis.

Understanding what post-COVID anxiety is and learning how to deal with it is crucial. By knowing more about this issue, we can focus on taking care of our mental health during these difficult times.

Let’s discover important information about post-COVID anxiety.

Understanding Post-COVID Anxiety

What are post-COVID conditions?

Post-COVID conditions occur when symptoms persist or develop after a person has had a COVID-19 infection. These can include tiredness, headaches, and loss of taste and smell.

Research is ongoing to determine the causes of these symptoms, possibly linking them to post-intensive care syndrome (PICS) or multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS).

Anyone who has had COVID-19 is at risk of post-COVID conditions, no matter how severe their initial illness was. Treatment typically involves a mix of activities, exercise, medications, mental health support, and possibly joining research studies.

It’s important to seek help from healthcare providers if experiencing specific symptoms or if symptoms worsen. Vaccination against COVID-19 is recommended for prevention.

The blog also discusses the connection between anxiety, depression, and COVID-19 infections, highlighting the importance of psychiatric treatment and mental health care to address neuropsychiatric symptoms like anxiety, stress, depression, and intrusive thoughts.

What causes post-COVID conditions?

Various factors can influence post-COVID conditions. These include anxiety levels, a history of severe anxiety or depression, and neuropsychiatric symptoms.

People who had COVID-19 may have a higher risk of developing post-COVID conditions, especially if they had severe anxiety or psychiatric symptoms during their illness.

Studies show that individuals with existing mental health issues are more likely to experience intrusive thoughts, worries, and fear after recovering from COVID-19.

Some cases have required psychiatric treatment or medications to manage post-COVID symptoms effectively.

Patients with a history of severe anxiety may need extra support like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or relaxation techniques to cope with the lasting impacts of COVID on daily life.

Understanding the link between anxiety, depression, and post-COVID conditions is important for providing thorough care to those affected by the pandemic.

Further research is necessary to investigate the potential long-term effects of COVID-19 on mental health and cognitive function.

Who is at risk for post-COVID conditions?

Individuals with prior severe anxiety, depression, or psychiatric symptoms may face a higher risk of post-COVID conditions. Research shows a link between pre-existing mental health issues and long COVID, leading to brain changes and cognitive problems. Anxiety, depression, and COVID-19 can cause brain shrinkage and memory issues. Factors like personal and family psychiatric history help healthcare providers identify those at risk.

When assessing at-risk individuals, consider their psychiatric medications, treatment, and symptoms. Encouraging a healthy lifestyle, stress-relief techniques, and therapy can lower the chances of long COVID in those with neuropsychiatric backgrounds. Seeking help from a healthcare provider, especially if experiencing intrusive thoughts or fear, is vital to prevent self-harm and worsened mental health symptoms.

What are the symptoms of post-COVID conditions?

Common symptoms of post-COVID conditions:

  • Tiredness
  • Headaches
  • Loss of taste and smell
  • Trouble breathing
  • Dizziness

These symptoms can last for weeks or months after the initial COVID-19 infection.

Post-COVID conditions differ from acute COVID-19 because they are long-lasting and can impact various body organs.

Factors like history of anxiety, depression, or severe anxiety before COVID-19 can worsen these symptoms.

Psychiatric symptoms such as intrusive thoughts, worries, and fears can also affect post-COVID conditions.

Treatment options include psychiatric care, medications, cognitive behavioral therapy , and mindfulness activities.

Healthcare providers can conduct tests and studies to effectively diagnose and treat post-COVID conditions.

Regular follow-up appointments and seeking guidance from healthcare providers can help manage the impact of post-COVID conditions on daily life.

How are post-COVID conditions diagnosed?

Post-COVID conditions are often diagnosed through a comprehensive evaluation. This includes reviewing the patient’s medical history and symptoms. Healthcare providers may use tests like blood work, imaging studies, and pulmonary function tests. They do this to assess the extent of post-COVID effects on the body.

Physicians monitor symptoms that persist after a COVID-19 infection. They rule out other potential causes through a thorough examination. There are no specific criteria for diagnosing post-COVID conditions. However, case reports and research from clinicians help understand these conditions better.

Patients reporting symptoms like severe anxiety, depression, or intrusive thoughts may be referred for psychiatric treatment. It is crucial for individuals with post-COVID symptoms to communicate their concerns with their healthcare provider. This can help in receiving appropriate care and support.

Collaborating with healthcare providers allows for an individualized treatment plan. This plan may include activities, relaxation techniques, mindfulness, medications, or cognitive behavioral therapy. These can help manage neuropsychiatric symptoms and improve daily life functioning post-long COVID.

How are post-COVID conditions treated?

Post-COVID conditions are typically treated through a combination of activities, exercises, medications, supplements, regular follow-up visits, mental health support, and possibly participation in research studies.

Individuals experiencing these symptoms can consult a healthcare provider, possibly a psychiatrist, for psychiatric treatment to address anxiety, depression, or other neuropsychiatric symptoms that may arise.

It is important to consider the potential relationship between anxiety, depression, and COVID-19 infection. Research has shown that individuals with pre-existing mental health issues are at an increased risk of developing long COVID.

Treatment may involve psychotropic medications, cognitive behavioral therapy , relaxation techniques, mindfulness, and counseling to manage severe anxiety, worries, intrusive thoughts, and fears.

Those with post-COVID conditions may require regular appointments to monitor symptoms and adjust treatment accordingly.

Additionally, the ADA may provide support and rights for individuals experiencing post-COVID conditions in both daily life and the workplace. It is crucial to seek further study and support from healthcare providers to address the chronic effects of the illness.

Can post-COVID conditions be prevented?

Preventive measures like COVID-19 vaccination can help reduce the risk of post-COVID conditions. A timely vaccine may lower the chances of long COVID, improving overall health. Maintaining a healthy BMI, regular exercise, good sleep, and a balanced diet can also help prevent such conditions. Individuals with anxiety and depression have a higher risk of developing post-COVID conditions, showing the importance of mental health support in addition to physical care.

Treatment options such as activities, exercises, medications, and psychiatric care can alleviate symptoms and potentially prevent severe anxiety or depression. Early intervention by a healthcare provider is crucial to address neuropsychiatric symptoms and manage concerns about post-COVID conditions. The pandemic has highlighted the link between psychiatric symptoms and long COVID, encouraging more research into effective prevention and treatment methods.

When should I call my healthcare provider?

If you have symptoms like persistent tiredness, headaches, loss of taste or smell, trouble breathing, or dizziness after COVID-19, contact a healthcare provider.

Reach out if symptoms worsen or new ones appear for further evaluation and potential treatment.

For severe anxiety, worries, or intrusive thoughts, consider seeking psychiatric treatment along with medical care.

Those with a history of mental health issues should monitor neuropsychiatric symptoms post-COVID-19 and seek care when necessary.

Regular follow-up visits with a healthcare provider can help manage post-COVID symptoms through activities, treatments, and possibly participation in studies.

It’s important to prioritize mental health care alongside physical treatments for overall well-being during and after the pandemic.

Key points about post-COVID conditions

After having COVID-19, some people may experience ongoing symptoms, known as long COVID or chronic COVID. These symptoms can include tiredness, headaches, loss of taste and smell, trouble breathing, and dizziness. They might last for weeks or even months.

Managing post-COVID conditions involves:

  • Engaging in activities and exercises
  • Taking prescribed medications and supplements
  • Regularly seeing healthcare providers
  • Getting mental health support
  • Possibly joining research studies

Treatment might also involve psychiatric care for severe anxiety, depression, fears, worries, or intrusive thoughts. It’s important to have a proper appointment with a healthcare provider, discuss symptoms, undergo tests if needed, and receive care.

People with post-COVID conditions may also qualify for ADA protection, which offers rights and support. It’s important to stay informed about these conditions, seek treatment, and care for mental health to address the impacts of the pandemic on daily life.

Next steps

To manage post-COVID anxiety, individuals can explore different treatment options:

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Psychotropic medications
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Mindfulness practices
  • Stress management strategies

Seeking help from a healthcare provider for symptoms like severe anxiety, depression, or intrusive thoughts is important. It can help in regaining a sense of normalcy in daily life. Discussing fears, feelings, and self-harm concerns with a healthcare provider is also crucial for receiving appropriate support and treatment.

After experiencing post-COVID conditions, individuals can reintroduce activities gradually:

  • Start with small steps
  • Set achievable goals
  • Monitor symptoms

This approach can help in easing back into daily routines while taking care of physical and mental well-being.

If post-COVID anxiety symptoms occur, seeking prompt help from a healthcare provider is vital. This may involve scheduling an appointment, undergoing tests, exploring treatment options, and receiving guidance on effective anxiety management. Early intervention and support are essential in improving outcomes for individuals facing post-COVID anxiety.

Phone 111 if:

If you are feeling anxious after having COVID-19, it’s important to seek help if it starts affecting your daily life. Signs that you should contact 111 for support include severe anxiety, intrusive thoughts, or psychiatric symptoms like psychosis. It’s important to get in touch with 111 if you are experiencing severe anxiety symptoms as you may need psychiatric treatment or medications. Healthcare providers can provide tests, treatment, or psychiatric help if your anxiety becomes severe.

Additional information such as family history or further assessments may be necessary to understand the link between anxiety and COVID-19 better. By contacting 111, you can schedule appointments for managing anxiety through various activities, treatments, therapy, relaxation techniques, or mindfulness practices. In cases of severe anxiety or risk of self-harm, reaching out to 111 or going to the emergency department is crucial for individuals with anxiety symptoms.

Researchers and healthcare professionals are looking into how anxiety might impact long-term or chronic COVID, highlighting the importance of mental health support during the ongoing pandemic.

Symptoms of anxiety

Symptoms of anxiety are excessive worrying, restlessness, and feeling tense. Physically, anxiety can cause muscle tension, increased heart rate, sweating, and gastrointestinal issues like nausea or diarrhea. Emotionally and mentally, anxiety may lead to irritability, difficulty concentrating, trouble sleeping, or intrusive thoughts. Post-COVID, anxiety can increase due to the pandemic’s impact, illness stress, and potential long-lasting symptoms.

Seeking psychiatric treatment is important for severe anxiety. Treatment may involve medications, cognitive behavioral therapy , mindfulness, and relaxation techniques. Research shows those with a history of anxiety may be at higher risk of developing long COVID after a COVID-19 infection. This emphasizes the need to address mental health concerns during and after the pandemic.

Managing anxiety

Effective relaxation techniques for managing anxiety:

  • Deep breathing exercises
  • Progressive muscle relaxation
  • Visualization

These methods help calm the mind and body during stress.

Mindfulness also reduces anxiety by promoting awareness without judgment.

Returning to normal activities with anxiety involves:

  • Gradually reintroducing tasks
  • Setting realistic goals
  • Using tools like to-do lists

Engaging in joyful activities and seeking psychiatric treatment, counseling, and cognitive behavioral therapy can provide valuable support for coping with anxiety.

Relaxation techniques

Here are some effective relaxation techniques for managing anxiety:

Deep breathing exercises

Progressive muscle relaxation



These techniques help calm the mind and body, reducing feelings of fear and worry.

Mindfulness is another powerful tool for relaxation. It involves focusing on the present moment without judgment, which can help individuals better manage anxiety related to COVID-19 infection and post-COVID conditions.

Incorporating these techniques into daily routines can be beneficial for reducing stress. Setting aside a few minutes each day for mindfulness or meditation, practicing deep breathing exercises before bed, or incorporating yoga into the morning routine can help individuals cope with the challenges of the pandemic and its effects on mental health.

Making relaxation a part of daily life can improve overall well-being and help manage symptoms of anxiety and depression related to long COVID or chronic COVID.


Mindfulness is important in managing anxiety and stress, especially after COVID-19. It helps individuals be present and aware of their thoughts and emotions. With mindfulness, they can address worries and intrusive thoughts effectively.

Incorporating mindfulness techniques into daily routines, like breathing exercises or body scans, supports mental well-being. These practices promote relaxation and reduce severe anxiety. Research shows that mindfulness, along with cognitive-behavioral therapy and psychiatric treatment, helps manage neuropsychiatric symptoms linked to long COVID.

Learning to stay grounded in the present moment can help individuals deal with fear and stress from the pandemic and its aftermath. A mindful approach to daily life can also reduce the risk of developing chronic COVID symptoms, aiding in recovery and overall mental health.

Getting back to usual activities

Many people want to go back to activities they enjoyed before feeling anxious. It’s important to slowly restart these activities to deal with anxiety. You can start by setting small goals and using stress-relief methods like mindfulness. If needed, seek help from a doctor. By easing back into your routine and using positive coping skills, you can manage post-COVID anxiety while still enjoying your daily activities.

Make sure to focus on mental health and talk to a healthcare provider about any concerns. This will help you take care of your anxiety and well-being during the pandemic.

Positive self-talk

Positive self-talk is a helpful tool for managing anxiety and improving mental health. This is especially important now after COVID-19. By using affirming statements daily, individuals can fight worries and fears from the pandemic.

For example, saying “I can handle challenges” can reduce stress. This practice promotes a healthier mindset and can ease feelings of anxiety and depression due to COVID-19. Positive self-talk can even be a form of psychiatric treatment when used alongside therapies like CBT or medications. Engaging in mindfulness and relaxation can help combat intrusive thoughts and fear, creating a sense of control after leaving the hospital. Research shows that those with ongoing or long-lasting COVID symptoms can benefit from positive self-talk to manage symptoms and improve mental well-being.

Anxiety self-help guide

Effective relaxation techniques can help manage anxiety. Here are some tips:

  • Try deep breathing exercises
  • Practice progressive muscle relaxation
  • Use guided imagery to calm your mind and body

Mindfulness practice is also helpful. It promotes present-moment awareness and acceptance of thoughts and feelings without judgment.

Positive self-talk is another useful tool. Replace negative thoughts with encouraging statements to challenge fears and build confidence.

These techniques, along with psychiatric treatment and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT, can support those experiencing severe anxiety. This may be particularly helpful for individuals dealing with anxiety following a COVID-19 infection or during the post-COVID conditions period.

It’s important to maintain open communication with healthcare providers, seek therapy, and engage in activities that promote relaxation and stress relief to manage neuropsychiatric symptoms during the pandemic.

When to seek help

Individuals with post-COVID conditions like fatigue, headaches, or breathing issues should consult a healthcare provider. If these symptoms persist or worsen post-COVID, it’s important to schedule an appointment for evaluation and potential treatment.

Anxiety and depression alongside post-COVID symptoms may require psychiatric treatment. Severe anxiety, intrusive thoughts, or fear should prompt immediate attention from a healthcare provider. A history of mental health conditions or family psychiatric symptoms can increase the risk of post-COVID anxiety.

Early help-seeking can lead to proper testing, medication management, or referral to psychiatric services. Managing post-COVID anxiety through therapy, medication, mindfulness, and cognitive-behavioral therapy is essential for daily life and mental well-being after the pandemic.


What is post-COVID anxiety?

Post-COVID anxiety is a feeling of fear, worry, or stress related to the lingering effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Examples include difficulty adjusting to social situations, fear of contracting the virus again, or increased stress about the future. Practice mindfulness, seek therapy, or engage in relaxation techniques to cope.

What are the common symptoms of post-COVID anxiety?

Common symptoms of post-COVID anxiety include difficulty sleeping, increased heart rate, feelings of worry or fear, and physical symptoms like headaches or stomach aches. Engaging in relaxation techniques, exercising, and seeking support from a therapist can help manage these symptoms.

How can I differentiate between normal anxiety and post-COVID anxiety?

Normal anxiety is typically situational and temporary, while post-COVID anxiety may persist longer and be triggered by pandemic-related fears or trauma. Seek therapy, practice mindfulness, and connect with support groups for coping strategies.

What are some strategies to cope with post-COVID anxiety?

Some strategies to cope with post-COVID anxiety include practicing mindfulness techniques, engaging in physical exercise, maintaining a routine, connecting with others, and seeking professional help if needed.

When should I seek professional help for post-COVID anxiety?

You should seek professional help for post-COVID anxiety if it significantly impacts your daily life, such as interfering with work, relationships, or self-care. Additionally, if symptoms persist for more than a few weeks despite self-care efforts, it may be time to seek help.